The organism tries to always keep a condition of ideal functional balance of all its systems; this condition is called homeostasis.
A person’s cardiovascular homeostasis is generally defined by its typical values ​​of systolic, diastolic, mean pressure, differential pressure, as well as heart rate.
The recovery and supercompensation processes induced by a workout alter the cardiovascular homeostasis. And it is precisely this alteration that SuperOp goes to measure.

In fact, after a workout the body needs to bring back the stimulated tissues to their original conditions (recovery phase). Subsequently the body goes on to improve the tissues, metabolism, energy reserves, enzymes stimulated by training. This is the Supercompensation phase, that is the improvement induced by training.

Recovery and supercompensation therefore reestablish, in the peripheral tissues (muscles, tendons, cartilages, ligaments), the optimal concentrations of all the elements used or consumed (energetic substances, enzymes, buffer substances, etc.), in restoring the acid balance -base, in eliminating waste metabolites, and in repairing and improving worn or damaged structures.

All of these processes happen through the bloodstream. Therefore the circulatory system undergoes specific hydrodynamic variations of speed and pressure in order to modulate the hydrostatic and osmotic pressure gradients necessary, respectively, for the filtration and resorption processes between blood and peripheral tissues.
For this reason the recovery and supercompensation processes that follow a workout determine an alteration of the cardiovascular homeostasis of the athlete.


The bloodstream characteristics therefore vary in response to the metabolic demands, mainly generated by the need to recover from the previous training session.

The pressure and heart rate measured at the waking up, before external elements such as physical and nervous activation alter them, are the most significant ones to understand where the body is in its recovery and supercompensation process.

SuperOp algorithm uses a moving window of several weeks of measurements, correlating many dozens of indexes, to:

  1. Create a profile of the athlete’s ideal homeostasis (which is updated with each new measurement).
  2. Calculate how far the organism is from its cardio-circulatory homeostasis that is, in which phase of the recovery-supercompensation cycle the organism is.

The distance from homeostasis is measured by the metabolic stress.
Metabolic stress indicates how strong the metabolic, biochemical and structural demands of peripheral tissues stimulated by training are.
The higher the metabolic stress, the lower is the organism’s readiness to face a new training load.
And viceveversa when the recovery is completed the organism returns to his ideal homeostasis, the metabolic stress is minimal and the organic readiness to absorb a new training load is maximum.


A workout has very different effects on your body depending on your condition: an excessive load is harmful while too light a load does not sufficiently stimulate your improvement (supercompensation).

A training session is effective when it is stimulating enough to trigger your body to improve the quality that was stimulated; this usually means that the day after your body should still be engaged in the recovery process and it should not be in a condition to repeat the same workout.

Hence, if you do not have a coach, you may follow this simple and highly effective criterion to improve your performance whilst protecting your body :  when your Readiness is high (Green-Yellow), train hard enough to ensure that the day after your Readiness is lower (Orange-Red). Then when you’re in the Orange-Red area, do a light workout or rest, so that your body can recover and improve the initial condition (Supercompensation). Once you are back into the Yellow-Green zone, you are ready for a slightly heavier training session that triggers a new cycle pf recovery and improvement..

The alternation of heavier workouts, which stimulate improvement, and lighter sessions allows you to improve performance, protect your body, avoid chronic fatigue and be at the top on important days.


SuperOp has been developed by Wellness & Wireless Srl in collaboration with Prof. Marco De Angelis MD, specialist in sports medicine, including physiology applied to exercise, training and nutrition methodologies.

Marco is an associate professor of the. Applied Clinical Sciences Dept. at the University of Aquila. He is also a consultant to the Institute of Sports Medicine and Science of the Italian Olimpic Committee (CONI) while previously  he was Chief Scientific Officer at Technogym as well as consultant to the European Space Agency and to several international Olympic Federations .

The SuperOp methodology is the result of over 20 years of research and has been refined in 5 years of application on world-class athletes before becoming an easy to use and extremely effective product available to anyone.


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